A science lesson on the layers of the earth. This includes the crust, the mantle, and the core. Includes printable teaching reading comprehension lesson worksheets.
Suggested Grades:. Objective: By completing this lesson, students will learn about recycling, and in the process demonstrate their reading comprehension skills, including reading strategies, inference, literal meaning, and critical analysis. Teachers -- Use this passage to test your students' reading comprehension and understanding.
Print the Layers of the Earth reading comprehension passage and questions see below. Students should read the passage silently, then answer the questions. Teachers may also use the text as part of a classroom lesson plan. The earth is made up of four different layers. If you are wondering why it has that many layers this is because of its history.
There are many historians and geologists that believe the earth wasn't always made up for four layers. Instead, they believe that as the earth cooled as rapidly as it did that the heavier parts of the earth sank into the inside of the world, the lighter, dense materials moved into the middle of the world, and the lightest materials of all rose to the top.
This explains why things like rock are on the surface of the earth and the much heavier things like iron are located in the earth's core. Think of the crust of the earth like you would a peel of a fruit. This area is thin compared to the rest of the item. It is the weakest layer that is usually meant to prevent major damage to the other layers by breaking the fall. The crust of the earth is about 5 miles thick under the oceanic crust and 25 miles thick under the continental crust.
This means that under water oceans the layer of the earth goes five miles and under solid ground it goes further at twenty-five miles. There are many different temperatures that are occurring on the crust of the earth.This lesson contains affiliate links to products I have used and personally recommend. At no cost to you, I make a commission for purchases made through the links or advertisements. The students will be able to describe tectonic plates and how they cause earthquakes.
Questions that encompasses the objective:. When we go outside, we see grass and dirt, but do you think there is more to the Earth? How will students prior knowledge be activated? Warm up by asking students:. Common Core State Standards:.
Accompanying Worksheet 2-Sided. Input: What is the most important content in this lesson?
Layers of the Earth
How will the learning of this content be facilitated? The teacher should show the students the onion and ask them to identify the vegetable.
The teacher should ask the students some questions about the onion [size, taste, consistency]. The teacher should ask the students if they know what the onion and the Earth have in common. The teacher should begin pulling the leaves off the onion, showing how there are layers to the onion just like there are layers to the Earth.
The teacher should tell the students: When looking at an onion, it looks like solid ball. Once you begin pulling the leaves off, you see there are layers underneath. The Earth is the same way. The Earth has layers and each layer has a specific function.
As the students watch the video, they will fill in the blanks on their worksheet. Once the video is over, the teacher should review the content discussed and the answers to the worksheet. The teacher should also give each student a copy of the diagram to follow along with as the teacher reviews the layers and the name of each layer.
After the picture is explained, the students should place the worksheet aside, as it will be used later on in the lesson. The teacher will read and discuss each fact sheet to the students. The teacher should refer to the vocabulary and additional information below when explaining each information sheet. Magnetic Field : a region around a magnetic material or a moving electric charge within which the force of magnetism acts.
Metal located within the inner core stays solid due to the extreme heat and pressure. Lower part of the upper mantle is hot and the metals stay as a liquid, but the upper part is cooler and the metals are more solid. Information Sources:.When it comes to Earth, the planet has more than meets the eye. The layers beneath the Earth's surface all vary, each with it's own properties. Additionally, the movement of tectonic plates in the Earth's mantle have shaped and changed the land masses into what we know them to look like today.
As students learn about the layers of the Earth, they'll be able to understand how things like volcanoes are formed and have a solid foundation for other Earth sciences! Earth is roughly a spherical shape, with the average radius being around 4, miles. It is made up of different layers: inner core, outer core, mantle, crust, and atmosphere.
The rocky planet is surrounded by a layer of gases known as the atmosphere. The atmosphere is made up of mainly nitrogen, but also contains oxygen, argon, and carbon dioxide. This atmosphere protects us and helps sustain life on Earth. The core is at the center of the Earth. It is split up into the outer core and the inner core.
The inner core is solid and composed of an iron-nickel alloy. The outer core is also made of iron and nickel and surrounds the inner core. The outer core is under less pressure than the inner core and is in a liquid state. The mantle sits underneath the crust and is the thickest layer in the Earth, with an average thickness of 1, miles.
It is composed of silicate rocks which are rich in magnesium and iron. The mantle is semi-molten and moves. Uneven heat in the mantle causes convection currents and that means magma is constantly moving. Hot magma rises towards the crust, then cools off and sinks back down toward the warmer core.
The crust is a thin rocky layer that surrounds the planet.Layers of the Earth Change If incorrect, please navigate to the appropriate directory location. See more testimonials Submit your own. Get 10 Days Free. Showing 1 - of 1, resources. Lesson Planet. For Teachers 6th - 8th Standards. We can't dig a hole through the Earth, so how do we know about the layers beneath our feet? Scholars learn about layering through hands-on exploration of common materials.
They study the characteristics of each layer and apply their Get Free Access See Review. For Teachers 6th - 7th. In this Earth worksheet, students find 8 words, related to the Earth, in a puzzle. Students also use the words to answer 8 questions about the layers of the Earth.
For Teachers 6th. Sixth graders participate in a lesson that is about investigating the different layers of the earth and defining how the plates move over the mantle. They engage in a variety of activities and use mathematics to create projects to For Teachers 8th Standards.
How did scientists discover what lies beneath the earth's surface? Dig a hole? X-ray vision? Guide your class through the types of seismic waves and how these waves helped shed light on Earth's many layers. The included resources provide For Students 6th - 12th. How is the Earth like an onion? In addition, they hear how these layers came about, starting with the Big Bang theory and the For Teachers 2nd - 6th.
Students examine the layers of the earth and the basic composition and thickness of each. Using construction paper, each student models the layers of the earth. For Teachers 1st - 6th. Students identify the geological layers of the Earth. They graphically depict each layer's characteristics.
Students label and develop a color key for their exhibit. They create a down-to-Earth 3-D display with Erasable Markers. For Students 4th - 6th. In this earth science worksheet, students read about the characteristics of the Earth's layers such as the mantle, core, and crust. They answer 10 mixed type questions using the online application.
For Students K - 5th Standards. Why can't we dig through to the other side of the Earth?Bookmark this to easily find it later. Then send your curated collection to your children, or put together your own custom lesson plan. My Education. Log in with different email For more assistance contact customer service. Preschool Kindergarten 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th. Entire library. Lesson plans. First Grade. Lesson plan. Share this lesson plan. Use hands-on activities involving play dough to show your students the layers of the Earth!
Contents Contents:. Grade First Grade Second Grade. Thank you for your input. No standards associated with this content. Which set of standards are you looking for? Introduction 5 minutes. Tell your students that they will learn about the layers of the Earth.
3rd Grade Lesson Plan on the Layers of the Earth
Ask your students if they know the layers of the Earth. Draw a picture of the Earth on the board. Point to the crust and explain to your students that the crust is the thinnest layer of the Earth and makes up one percent of the Earth.
Tell your students that we live on the hard crust. Point to the mantleand explain that the mantle makes up two-thirds of the Earth's mass and is below the crust. Show the coreand explain to your students that the core consists of two parts. Tell your students that the outer core is solid and the inner core is liquid.
Compare the core to a peanut butter sandwich and explain to your students that the outer core is like the bread while the inner core is like the peanut butter. Guided Practice 20 minutes. Ask your students to complete the What's the Earth Made Of worksheet with a partner. Go over the worksheet as a class.
Independent working time 10 minutes. Download to read more. Enrichment: Ask your students to come up with their own analogies to the Earth and what it is made of. Have them give their examples to their peers. If your students have extra time, give them the Inside the Earth worksheet.
Layers of the Earth
Support: Have your students gather in the back. Get an egg and use a knife to create cracks in it. Tell your students that the outside of the egg is like the crust and has cracks.
After that, peel off the egg and compare the white part to the mantle, as it takes up a lot of the mass. After that, dig through the yellow and compare that to the core.In our Layers of the Earth lesson plan, students learn about the layers of the Earth and what each is made up of.
Students learn to identify the four layers and practice labeling them on a diagram of the cross-section of the Earth. Our Layers of the Earth lesson plan describes the four main layers of the Earth and identifies some characteristics of each layer.
During this lesson, students are asked to solve a crossword puzzle using lesson vocabulary in order to demonstrate their understanding of the lesson vocabulary. Students are also asked to label the four main layers of the Earth and answer questions about the layers of the earth in order to demonstrate their understanding of lesson concepts.
At the end of the lesson, students will be able to identify the four main layers of the Earth and identify some characteristics of each layer. This was a nice lesson for my students. A helpful supplemental to Layers of the Earth. Skip to content. Layers of the Earth. Layers of the Earth quantity. Description Additional information Reviews Description Our Layers of the Earth lesson plan describes the four main layers of the Earth and identifies some characteristics of each layer.
Common Core State Standards: None. Customer Reviews. Customer Photos. Reviews Questions. Title of Review. How was your overall experience? Thank you for submitting a review! Your input is very much appreciated. Share it with your friends so they can enjoy it too! Facebook Twitter. Clear filter. More Filters. Layers of the Earth Lesson Plan. Was this review helpful?Objective :. Identify the layers of the Earth: crust, mantle, core inner and outer.
Materials :. Preparation :. Make patterns of circles for the students to use. There are four different sizes. Students use the patterns to cut one circle of each color:. Imagine if you were able to dig a hole all the way to the center of the Earth. What do you think you would find?
Do you think it would be the same as what we have here on the surface? Just like a cake or a piece of pizza the Earth has different layers. Use the Kids Geo website to read and explain how the scientists have determined what we would find if we were able to work our way to the center of the Earth.
There is an animated spinning Earth and you are able to click on the layer that you want to see. Included is a song. Students should use the patterns to make the four circles. Then glue the circles one on top of the other blue, yellow, orange and then red. Affix the circles on the top half of the white piece of construction paper. Label each of the sections. At the bottom of the paper write a fact about each layer. First show the students a globe of the Earth.
Describe what is on the surface oceans and continents.
Then ask students what would happen if you went deeper into the Earth, below the oceans and continents. Use four colors blue, yellow, orange and red of play dough to demonstrate the layers. First roll a small ball with the red play dough.
This is the Inner Core believed to be solid nickel and iron. Then cover the ball with a layer of orange. This is the Outer Core, which is super heated lava. Make a thicker layer next, which represents the Mantle. It contains material that gives the Earth most of its weight. The final thin layer is done with blue and represents the crust.
This is where we live. It is made of rock and loose material. Bright Hub Education. Site Menu.
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